How Did Lloyd-Jones and Sangster Use Scripture in Their Preaching Responses to the Outbreak of World War II? Trialling Analytical Approaches to the Homiletical Use of Scripture

Both D. M. Lloyd-Jones and W. E. Sangster are distinguished
figures in evangelical history, looked to as examples of men who
used their preaching to respond to the issues of their day, in
particular the outbreak of World War Two. Their sermons in
response to this traumatic event were published towards the end
of 1939, but the preachers’ collections show an immediate
disparity in the amount of Scripture being used. Analysing the
use of Scripture is key when looking at homiletical exemplars in
terms of learning from them. By the nature of any choices being
both linguistic and theological, any approach must be
interdisciplinary. So, in order to move towards establishing a
methodology for analyzing how Scripture is used within the
sermon, this article trials different methods to assess which may
or may not be useful in constructing a way of systematically
learning from successful preachers of the past.
Using the example of Grounded Theory, which advocates
the creation of inductive categories, a new framework enabling
analysis of the use of Scripture within a sermon has been created,
Scriptural Categorization Analytics, and is applied to the sermon
collections of Sangster and Lloyd-Jones in order to investigate the
effectiveness of this technique as a tool for studying the use of the
Bible within sermons.